Flounder (also; fluke) are flatfish that live in ocean waters, Northen Atlantic and waters along the east coast of the United States and Canada, and the Pacific Ocean, as well. The name "flounder" refers to several geographically and taxonomically distinct species.
While flounders have both eyes situated on one side of the head, they are not born this way. Their life involves metamorphosis. During this stage, one eye migrates to the other side of the body so that both eyes are situated on the upward-facing side of its body. After metamorphosis, flounder lie on one side on the ocean floor; either the left or right side with face upward depending on the species. Flounder sizes typically vary from five to fifteen inches, though they sometimes grow as large as three feet in length. Their breadth is about one-half of their length. Flounder are ambush predators and their feeding ground is the soft mud of the sea bottom near bridge piles, docks, and other bottom encumbrances. Their diet consists mainly of fish spawn, crustacens, polychaetes and small fish.
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